Hip Dysplasia

Hip dysplasia is instability or dislocation of the hip, which can occur in three different forms. Acetabular dysplasia occurs when the hip socket is formed too shallow and the ball-and-socket connection is subsequently unstable. Congenital hip dislocation occurs when the hip is dislocated at birth. Developmental dysplasia occurs when the hip joint does not form normally, causing instability. These conditions tend to run in families, and are more common in girls, firstborn infants, and breech babies.

Symptoms

  • Difficulty walking
  • Limping
  • Legs of differing lengths
  • Uneven folds of skin on the thigh
  • Less flexibility on one side of the hip

Treatment

  • Pavlik harness
  • Casting
  • Surgery to realign the hip
  • Bracing