Shin Splints

Foot and Ankle – Shin Splints

Shin splints are caused by inflammation of the periostium of the tibia. Common in athletes whose sports involve a lot of running, the force of the lower leg muscles causes friction on the periostium resulting in inflammation and sharp shin pain.

Symptoms

  • Pain on the inside of the shin
  • Pain that eases as exercise is continued
  • Pain when toes or foot are bent downwards
  • Lumps or bumps may be felt when feeling the inside of the shin bone

Treatment

  • Rest and ice the area of the injury
  • Applying heat prior to exercise will reduce pain
  • Wearing proper footwear
  • Anti-inflammatory medications
  • Physical therapy